What is Cinco de Mayo? You may be surprised! - WSLS 10 NBC in Roanoke/Lynchburg Va

What is Cinco de Mayo? You may be surprised!

Posted: Updated:
AP Photo:  People take part in a recreation of the Battle of Puebla during "Cinco de Mayo" celebrations in Mexico City. AP Photo: People take part in a recreation of the Battle of Puebla during "Cinco de Mayo" celebrations in Mexico City.
TAMPA, FL (WFLA) -

History of Cinco de Mayo: Battle of Puebla

In 1861 the liberal Mexican Benito Juárez (1806-1872) became president of a country in financial ruin, and he was forced to default on his debts to European governments. In response, France, Britain and Spain sent naval forces to Veracruz to demand reimbursement. Britain and Spain negotiated with Mexico and withdrew, but France, ruled by Napoleon III (1808-1873), decided to use the opportunity to carve a dependent empire out of Mexican territory. Late in 1861, a well-armed French fleet stormed Veracruz, landing a large French force and driving President Juárez and his government into retreat.

Certain that success would come swiftly, 6,000 French troops under General Charles Latrille de Lorencez (1814-1892) set out to attack Puebla de Los Angeles, a small town in east-central Mexico. From his new headquarters in the north, Juárez rounded up a rag-tag force of 2,000 loyal men—many of them either indigenous Mexicans or of mixed ancestry—and sent them to Puebla. Led by Texas-born General Ignacio Zaragoza (1829-1862), the vastly outnumbered and poorly supplied Mexicans fortified the town and prepared for the French assault. On May 5, 1862, Lorencez drew his army, well provisioned and supported by heavy artillery, before the city of Puebla and led an assault from the north. The battle lasted from daybreak to early evening, and when the French finally retreated they had lost nearly 500 soldiers. Fewer than 100 Mexicans had been killed in the clash.

Although not a major strategic win in the overall war against the French, Zaragoza's success at Puebla represented a great symbolic victory for the Mexican government and bolstered the resistance movement. Six years later—thanks in part to military support and political pressure from the United States, which was finally in a position to aid its besieged neighbor after the end of the Civil War—France withdrew. The same year, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, who had been installed as emperor of Mexico by Napoleon in 1864, was captured and executed by Juárez's forces. Puebla de Los Angeles was renamed for General Zaragoza, who died of typhoid fever months after his historic triumph there.

 

Cinco de Mayo in Mexico

Within Mexico, Cinco de Mayo is primarily observed in the state of Puebla, where Zaragoza's unlikely triumph occurred, although other parts of the country also take part in the celebration. Traditions include military parades, recreations of the Battle of Puebla and other festive events. For many Mexicans, however, May 5 is a day like any other: It is not a federal holiday, so offices, banks and stores remain open.

 

Cinco de Mayo in the United States

In the United States, Cinco de Mayo is widely interpreted as a celebration of Mexican culture and heritage, particularly in areas with substantial Mexican-American populations. Chicano activists raised awareness of the holiday in the 1960s, in part because they identified with the victory of indigenous Mexicans over European invaders during the Battle of Puebla. Today, revelers mark the occasion with parades, parties, mariachi music, Mexican folk dancing and traditional foods such as tacos and mole poblano. Some of the largest festivals are held in Los Angeles, Chicago and Houston.

 

Confusion with Mexican Independence Day

Many people outside Mexico mistakenly believe that Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican independence, which was declared more than 50 years before the Battle of Puebla. That event is commemorated on September 16, the anniversary of the revolutionary priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's famous "Grito de Dolores" ("Cry of Dolores"), a call to arms that amounted to a declaration of war against the Spanish colonial government in 1810.

  • NewsMore>>

  • Hillsborough deputies identify body found

    Hillsborough deputies identify body found

    Sunday, September 14 2014 9:12 PM EDT2014-09-15 01:12:14 GMT
    Octavio Reyes' family membersOctavio Reyes' family members
    When Hillsborough County sheriff's deputies told Rosario Reyes her husband was dead, her first thought was "How will I explain this to my youngest children.""What am I going to tell them, when their dad is not coming around," Rosario Reyes said. "What am I going to tell them?" "Your dad is not coming around, because somebody did something to him."Octavio Reyes, 36, of Gibsonton, leaves behind six children, the youngest is 4 years old. ...
    When Hillsborough County sheriff's deputies told Rosario Reyes her husband was dead, her first thought was "How will I explain this to my youngest children.""What am I going to tell them, when their dad is not coming around," Rosario Reyes said. "What am I going to tell them?" "Your dad is not coming around, because somebody did something to him."Octavio Reyes, 36, of Gibsonton, leaves behind six children, the youngest is 4 years old. ...
  • Police searching for missing Tarpon Springs woman

    Police searching for missing Tarpon Springs woman

    Sunday, September 14 2014 7:35 PM EDT2014-09-14 23:35:57 GMT
    The Tarpon Springs Police Department has issued a Silver Alert for Ella Jones Cone. Cone, 82, was last seen Sunday morning driving a blue 2006 Saturn Ion with Florida tag number C025PZ She was seen in the area of Church on the Bayou, 409 Whitcomb Blvd., at about 10 a.m. when she dropped the registered owner, Kenneth Staack, off at church. ...
    The Tarpon Springs Police Department has issued a Silver Alert for Ella Jones Cone. Cone, 82, was last seen Sunday morning driving a blue 2006 Saturn Ion with Florida tag number C025PZ She was seen in the area of Church on the Bayou, 409 Whitcomb Blvd., at about 10 a.m. when she dropped the registered owner, Kenneth Staack, off at church. ...
  • HCSO: Remains in Ruskin identified as Octavio Reyes

    HCSO: Remains in Ruskin identified as Octavio Reyes

    Sunday, September 14 2014 3:49 PM EDT2014-09-14 19:49:39 GMT
    The remains were discovered on Saturday afternoon near the Little Manatee River. The remains were discovered on Saturday afternoon near the Little Manatee River.
    Crime scene technicians with the Hillsborough County Sheriff's Office were back in Ruskin Sunday to collect evidence where a body was located near the Little Manatee River.Saturday afternoon deputies discovered the remains of an unknown subject in a wooded area off US Highway 41.
    Crime scene technicians with the Hillsborough County Sheriff's Office were back in Ruskin Sunday to collect evidence where a body was located near the Little Manatee River.Saturday afternoon deputies discovered the remains of an unknown subject in a wooded area off US Highway 41.
Powered by WorldNow

WSLS 10, P.O. Box 10
Roanoke, VA 24022-0010

Telephone: 540.981.9110
Fax: 540.343.3157
Email: news@wsls.com

Can't find something?
Powered by WorldNow
All content © Copyright 2000 - 2014 Media General Communications Holdings, LLC. A Media General Company.