HONG KONG – Hong Kong’s leader on Wednesday cut taxes for some homebuyers and stock traders to boost markets as the city seeks to maintain its reputation as a global financial hub.
Chief Executive John Lee said the extra stamp duties imposed on non-resident buyers and current local homeowners looking to buy additional properties would be halved, the first easing over the past decade since property market-cooling measures were introduced.
In his annual policy address, Lee also unveiled plans to reduce the stamp duty on stock transactions to 0.1% from 0.13%, saying a vibrant stock market is vital to upholding the city's status as a financial hub. He set a goal of having the necessary legislative procedures completed by November.
After the easing of COVID-19 restrictions, Hong Kong’s economy has begun to recover, fueled by growth in tourism and private consumption. The city’s economy expanded 2.2% in the first half of 2023 year-on-year and is expected to grow between 4% and 5% for the full year.
However, the path to full recovery remains uneven, particularly with geopolitical tensions rising and Hong Kong's largest trading partner, mainland China, struggling to rebound quickly.
The financial hub also has seen a mass departure of residents in recent years, triggered by a crackdown on pro-democracy activists following Beijing's imposition of a tough national security law, and the now-rescinded strict COVID-19 mandates. This emigration has hurt the economy and property market.
Official data showed a 15% year-on-year drop in home prices last December and a 39% yearly decline in the volume of residential property transactions in 2022.
Lee, acknowledging the decline in transactions and property prices over the past year amid interest rate hikes and modest economic growth in other regions, adjusted a raft of measures that manage property demand.
Under the slashed stamp duty, a foreigner buying properties in the city only would have to pay 15% of their purchase price as taxes, down from 30% currently. Current local homeowners will pay 7.5% for buying their second homes, down from 15%.
Foreign professionals working in Hong Kong on eligible visa programs are no longer required to pay extra property stamp duties arising from their non-permanent residency unless they fail to become permanent residents later.
“When they come to Hong Kong, we also encourage them to take root here,” Lee said at a news conference.
But Joseph Tsang, chairman of property consultancy Jones Lang LaSalle in Hong Kong, said he expected some of Lee's property tax reductions to have limited impact on the market.
“The relaxation of cooling measures is only a band-aid solution that is unlikely to reverse the downward trend of home prices,” Tsang said in a statement.
A former security chief handpicked by Beijing to lead Hong Kong, Lee also is aiming to enact the city's own security law next year. Similar efforts were shelved in 2003 after fears about losing freedoms sparked massive protests.
Beijing has already imposed a national security law on the former British colony that returned to its rule in 1997. It criminalizes acts of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces. But the city's constitution requires Hong Kong, a semi-autonomous territory, to enact its own laws for acts such as treason, secession and subversion.
“External forces continue to meddle in Hong Kong affairs,” Lee said, without elaborating.
He added the government will propose a bill to enhance cybersecurity of the critical infrastructure, such as financial institutions and telecommunications.
Other policy highlights announced by Lee included an entry program for investors and a cash bonus of 20,000 Hong Kong dollars (US$2,556) offered to the parents of newborns.
Outside the government headquarters, members of the League of Social Democrats, one of the few remaining pro-democracy political parties, held a small demonstration Wednesday morning to call for universal suffrage.
Hong Kong's leader is elected by a committee made up mostly of Beijing loyalists.
"Without democracy, there would be no livelihood,” part of the demonstrators' banner read.
Most prominent pro-democracy activists have been arrested or silenced under the security law enacted in 2020. But Beijing and Hong Kong authorities hailed the law for bringing back stability to the city.