Fast food restaurants — well equipped for drive-thru and takeout service — have fared better than sit-down restaurants as the coronavirus pandemic gripped the U.S., but that gap could start to close as dining rooms reopen.
U.S. customer transactions at full-service restaurant chains like Olive Garden and Applebee’s plummeted 79% year-over-year at the beginning of April as lockdowns closed dining rooms across the country, according to NPD Group. Fast food sales were down as well, but by 41%.
A month later, those numbers are improving. For the week ending May 10, full-service restaurant transactions were down 58%, while fast food sales were down 21%. States with the most dining rooms open, like Texas and Tennessee, had some of the highest sales.
Major chains represent 76% of U.S. restaurant industry traffic, NPD said. Independent restaurants saw steeper sales declines than chains as lockdowns began, and data on their recovery lags the data available for chains. But many independent restaurants are also opening their dining rooms again.
“America is hungry to dine out again. They’re naturally curious and cautious, but they’re coming out,” Applebee’s President John Cywinski said.
Applebee’s has opened around 200 of its 1,660 dining rooms in the U.S. Guests are tipping generously and drinking a lot of alcohol, Cynwinski said. They’re also respectful of Applebee’s precautions, like the use of disposable silverware and menus.
As of this week, 32 states — mostly in the Midwest and South — have allowed dining rooms to open at least partially, according to Brian Vaccaro, an analyst with Raymond James.
That’s helping sit-down restaurants. Olive Garden had 179 dining rooms open the week of May 3. By the week of May 17, that had jumped to 398, or 49% of the chain’s total. Sales per restaurant increased 13% during that time.