ATHENS – A European parliamentary committee investigating the use of spyware in the 27-country bloc urged Greek officials on Friday to do more to shed light on a phone surveillance scandal that targeted opposition politicians and journalists.
“We learnt a lot but we also still feel that a lot of our questions remain to be answered,” committee head Jeroen Lenaers said after a fact-finding visit to Greece and fellow European Union member Cyprus.
And the committee rapporteur, Sophie in ’t Veld, said while no definite proof emerged on who installed and used Predator spyware on the Greek victims' phones, and why, “everything is pointing in the direction of people in government circles.”
The scandal, which shook Greece's center-right government this year, centered on the National Intelligence Service's tapping of opposition party leader Nikos Androulakis' phone. Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said he was unaware of the operation, which he said was legal — on national security grounds — but wrong.
The chief of the intelligence service, known in Greece as EYP, resigned.
Apart from EYP, Androulakis, head of the left-wing PASOK party — Greece's third-largest — was separately targeted with Predator spyware, as were another opposition lawmaker and three journalists. The government denies using Predator, which allows the monitoring of calls, messages, photos or video on a phone and was developed by the Cytrox company in North Macedonia.
Last month a Greek parliamentary committee investigated Androulakis' surveillance but its overall conclusions remain classified.
Lenaers, a Dutch European lawmaker, said the Greek parliament's investigation “(uncovered) only few facts and did not hear from all the relevant witnesses.”
“The final committee report should be made public,” he told a press conference.
In 't Veld said her committee had not found definite proof of who used Predator and why.
“And we will not find that proof as long as the authorities are not willing to share official information with us,” she said, but added: “Everything is pointing in the direction of people in government circles.”
In ’t Veld also charged that Greek authorities hadn't made much effort to investigate the use of the spyware.
“On the contrary, most relevant information has been classified,” she said. “This matter must be urgently and fully clarified before” Greece's next parliamentary election in mid-2023.
She also urged Athens to seek European police agency Europol's help in the investigation “for at least the securing of evidence.”
In Europe, cybersleuths have found traces of spyware such as Predator, or the better-known Pegasus developed by Israel’s NSO Group, in Greece, Poland, Hungary and Spain.
“I think it's safe to say the situation in Greece is not comparable to Hungary and Poland,” Lenaers said. He said that in Poland, where Pegasus use was traced, “we definitely see a complete lack of any kind of checks and balances.”
“This is not at the moment the case in Greece, but ... there are urgent questions (that) need clarifications and there need to be full investigations,” he said.
The government has said it will increase accountability at EYP and plans to ban the use of spyware by private entities in Greece.